Cerpen, or short stories in Indonesian, is a popular genre among writers and readers alike. To ensure that your cerpen is well-received by your audience, it is important to pay attention to the details of your writing, including grammar, spelling, and most importantly, agreement.
Perfect agreement refers to the usage of verb tenses that match the subject and the context of the sentence. This means that the verb in the sentence should reflect the correct tense, whether it is in the present, past or future. Poor agreement can make your cerpen difficult to understand and may even mislead your readers.
To avoid errors in agreement, here are some tips to consider:
1. Identify the subject of the sentence
Before choosing a verb tense, always identify the subject of the sentence first. This will help you determine whether the verb should be in the singular or plural form. For example, “She walks to the park” uses the singular form of the verb “walks” because the subject “she” is singular.
2. Use the correct verb tense
Once you have identified the subject of the sentence, choose the appropriate verb tense that matches the context of the sentence. For instance, if you are writing about an event that happened in the past, use the past tense. “They played soccer yesterday” uses the past tense verb “played” to describe a past event.
3. Consistency is key
When writing your cerpen, it is essential to maintain consistency in verb tense throughout the entire text. Avoid switching between past and present tenses within the same paragraph or sentence, as this can confuse your readers and make your writing less engaging.
4. Be aware of irregular verbs
Irregular verbs do not follow the general rule of adding “ed” to form the past participle. Common irregular verbs include “be,” “have,” and “do.” For example, “He has eaten his breakfast” uses the present perfect tense of the irregular verb “have.”
5. Proofread your work
Finally, do not forget to proofread your work to catch any errors in agreement. Reading your cerpen out loud can also help you identify areas where the verb tense may need to be adjusted.
In conclusion, perfect agreement is essential in writing a compelling and coherent cerpen. By paying close attention to subject-verb agreement and maintaining consistency in verb tense, you can ensure that your writing is clear and easy to understand for your readers.